If you are going to travel to Prague, Czech Republic, it may not be a bad idea to understand how the government is structured. The government is comprised of the President, the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, and other ministers. The Prague government has got exclusive legislative initiative when it comes to the state budget. Moreover, there are governors of the different Czech regions as well as mayors of the towns and cities in the country.
The President who can hold his office for five years is elected by both the chambers of the Parliament. He happens to be the Supreme Commander of the military. However, there are certain restrictions in the Presidential power, and the most significant one happens to be the power to veto any bill that has been passed by the Parliament (excepting the constitutional bills).
There are 2 chambers in the Parliament, namely, the Chamber of Deputies as well as the Senate. All the bills which are valid within the boundaries of the country will be passed by the Parliament who will also express approval of significant global treaties including political treaties, those about human rights, plus general economic treaties.
Chamber of Deputies
This particular chamber consists of two hundred deputies who are elected for a period of 4 years. The President has the right to dissolve this chamber if needed as well.
There are eighty-one senators in the Senate who can hold their office for as much as 6 years. However, one-third of the seats in the Senate are available for re-election at the interval of every couple of years. Moreover, it is not possible to dissolve the Senate.
A clear majority of the present senators or deputies will pass a resolution made by the parliamentary chamber. However, 60% majority is required in case of passing an international treaty or a constitutional bill.
In general, a secret ballot is used for conducting elections to the Senate and the Chamber of the Deputies. This Chamber is going to be elected as per the proportional representation. It is vital for the political parties to obtain at least 5% of the popular votes so as to win seats in the chamber.
All Czech citizens who are more than 18 years of age possess the right to vote. On the other hand, the candidates for the Chamber of Deputies have to be more than 21 years old while those in the Senate ought to attain the age of 40 years.
Municipal elections are held at an interval of 4 years since 1990, whereas the regional elections are conducted every 4 years starting from 2000. Moreover, all these elections take place during autumn. Voting is usually held for two days in the Czech Republic – from Friday afternoon up to Saturday afternoon.
There is a multi-party system in the Czech government. Among the main political parties, the most dominant ones happen to be the Civic Democratic Party, the Czech Pirate Party, the Communist Party, the Freedom and Direct Democracy and the Social Democratic Party.
Participation of women in the political scene of the Czech Republic has been quite low for the last two decades. While there are not more than 30% female members in the major political parties, a few can even boast of more than 50%. Thus it is evident that the parties have not prohibited the entry of women in the political scenario of the Prague government although the percentage varies from one party to another.